Pathological gambling is a problem gambling case wherein the subject crosses over to Extreme cases of problem gambling may cross over into a sphere of mental instabilities or disorders. It is a constant, unrelenting gambling behavior that satisfies five conditions of the criteria listed below.
1.Fragmentation. The recurrent thought a subject is under-going about his gambling experiences. 2.Tolerance. Similar to a ‘drug tolerance”, the subject needs larger or regular wagers to meet that ecstatic mind state. 3.Withdrawal. The subject’s attempt to stop or minimize gambling which results to temperamental and restive emotions. 4.Escape. The subject took gambling as a way out for problems. 5.Chasing. The subject tries to recovers gambling losses through win with further gambling. 6.Stealing. The subject resorts to gambling to finance his gambling addictiveness. 7.Illegal acts. The subject resort to breaking some laws in order to get gambling money. 8.Risked important relationship. The subject continues gambling taking a risk to lose relationship job, and several favorable opportunities.
Pathological gambling affects subject other social problems. As gambling loses rise up the subject turns to other sources to finance his addictions. The subject resorts to drug-selling or theft. Teenage committing suicide rises. Presence of pathological gambling at home endangers other family members to abuses. Personal relationship being wreck is also associated with this condition. Pathological gambling may result to a mental disorder called schizophrenia. Other problems associated with compulsive gambling can be personal relationships. A study done in 1991 showed about 10% of compulsive gamblers have contracted marriage 3 or more times.
Doctors used the South Oaks Gambling Screen, an instrument for assessing subject for “apparent pathological gambling”. This instrument was developed at the South Oaks Hospital in New York by Lesieur and Blume. The use of SOGS has declined in recent years due to several criticisms. Assortment of treatments is now available for people suffering from pathological gambling. These include counseling, some community self-help organization and medications. However, there exists no effective or approved treatment by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
A commonly utilize treatment for this problem is the Gamblers Anonymous (GA), a 12-step model that put emphasis on a mutual-support approach. .Another counseling method now in use is the Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) which produces good results for patients. CBT approaches normally applied skill-building techniques aimed towards gambling refusal, geared toward reversion prevention, assertiveness and gambling refusal, strengthening of gambling-incompatible activities and interests. Some drugs such as paroxetine and nalmefene are tested and proven effective for treating pathological gambling patients.